This is the title of the most widely read page on this site, published four years ago and reproduced below. Readers from the United States had 10,540 ‘views’ and below is a snapshot of the first twelve countries out of 177 listed.
Today, after a reader pointed out that Japan was not widely recognised as neutral, the title has been altered from Countries or states recognised as neutral, to ‘Neutral or non-aggressive countries and states’ – the link remains unaltered – and we reproduce it on the site this week.
Does the preference of so many readers not on our mailing list indicate a greater desire for stability and peace than for contemporary news?
And what is the significance of the larger numbers from USA – who also read our drone warfare and pharmaceutical sites in large numbers?
One reader said this was just due to its size – but US readers show little interest in our political, environmental or food-related sites – so?
The hope is that one day peace loving American people will reassert themselves, rid themselves of the ‘gun culture’ and select leaders who will prioritise the well-being of their own people and offer that fine example to the rest of the world.
Neutral or non-aggressive countries and states
Source: Neutrality [international relations]
Austria (now a member of EU, see below) is bound to neutrality by the 1955 Austrian State Treaty and its constitution prohibits entry into military alliances and the establishment of foreign military bases on Austrian territory. Its commitment to maintain external independence and to the inviolability of borders is expressly modelled on Swiss neutrality.
Costa Rica: neutral country since 1949, after abolishing its military.
Finland (now EU): military doctrine of competent, “credible” independent defence, not depending on any outside support, and the desire to remain outside international conflicts. In 2006, Finland’s neutrality was brought into question by Prime Minister Matti Vanhanen during the inauguration of the Finnish EU presidency.
Ireland (now EU): a traditional policy of military neutrality defined as non-membership of mutual defence alliances.
Japan: constitutionally forbidden from participating in wars, but maintains heavily-armed self-defence forces and a military alliance.
Liechtenstein: since its army was dissolved in 1868.
Malta (now EU): policy of neutrality since 1980, guaranteed in a treaty with Italy concluded in 1983
Panama: neutral country since 1989
Sweden (now EU): has not fought a war since ending its involvement in the Napoleonic Wars in 1814 with a short war with Norway, making it the oldest neutral country in the world.
Switzerland: self-imposed, permanent, and armed, designed to ensure external security. Switzerland is the second oldest neutral country in the world; it has not fought a foreign war since its neutrality was established by the Congress of Vienna in 1815.
Turkmenistan: declared its permanent neutrality and had it formally recognised by the U.N. in 1995.
Ukraine: Declared policy of state non-alignment in 2010.
Vatican City: the Lateran Treaty signed in 1929 with Italy imposed that “The Pope was pledged to perpetual neutrality in international relations and to abstention from mediation in a controversy unless specifically requested by all parties” thus making Vatican City neutral since then.