Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif, after an address by President Hassan Rouhani on Sep. 27th to the UN Security Council, highlighted different aspects of the ‘Hormuz Peace Endeavor’.
President Rouhani had invited all the all regional nations directly affected by the developments in the Persian Gulf and the Strait of Hormuz to join the Coalition for Hope: the “Hormuz Peace Endeavor,” to ensure security in the Persian Gulf countries. A link to an address given by President Hassan Rouhani of Iran in 2013 to the United Nations General Assembly is added for those, like the writer, who have never heard him speak at length.
From the UN website we learn that he acknowledged, “the presence of the United Nations seems necessary” for the creation of an international umbrella in support of the Coalition for Hope.
He described Iran’s security doctrine as being based on “the maintenance of peace and stability in the Persian Gulf”, providing free navigation and safety of movement in the Strait of Hurmuz, which recent incidents have “seriously endangered”.
Stressing that after 18 years, the US has failed to reduce acts of terrorism, he maintained that Iran however, “managed to terminate the scourge of Daesh with the assistance of neighboring nations and governments”. “America is not our neighbor”, he underscored. “The United States is located here, not in the Middle East” and is “not the advocate of any nation” nor “the guardian of any State . . . “stability in the Middle East should be sought inside the region rather than outside of it”.
On the 10th October the Financial Times published an article by Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif which opened:
“This is a significant moment for our neighbourhood. We are witnessing an escalation in tensions and insecurity, threatening to spiral out of control and result in untold tragedies. The four-and-a-half-year war in Yemen has brought the region to the brink of disaster and resulted in measures against Saudi Aramco’s facilities.”
“For too long now there has been mistrust, acrimony and conflict in the community around the Strait of Hormuz.
“For too long, states have armed themselves and invaded, bombed or embargoed each other.
“For too long, foreign forces have come to our region to project their power, not to protect our people.
“And for too long our peoples have suffered.
“We can, collectively, choose to remain on this path of instability and tension, and await the unknown. Or, we can instead choose peace, security, stability and prosperity for all. The UN was given a mandate in 1987 to furnish the necessary umbrella for such a regional arrangement”.
Iran proposes that meetings of experts, think-tanks, the private sector, senior officials, ministers and heads of state be set up to deliberate on common objectives and design approaches to challenges including:
- energy security
- freedom of navigation for all.
- arms control
- security building measures,
- the establishment of a zone free of weapons of mass destruction,
- the prevention and resolution of regional conflicts.
- a Hormuz Community Non-Intervention and Non-Aggression Pact.
The experts would be able to address vital issues of cyber security, nuclear safety, protecting the environment —particularly the marine environment. Co-operation over the treatment of migrants, refugees and displaced persons could be promoted by bringing together relevant agencies within a humanitarian task force.
He called on the leaderships of other regional states, and in the academic and diplomatic communities, to join in forging a blueprint for peace, security, stability and prosperity, ending,“We all have grievances about the past. Iran, after eight years of regionally financed aggression and 40 years of foreign-sponsored attacks and separatism, has much to complain about.
“But as the great poet and sage Rumi wrote 800 years ago: ‘Out beyond ideas of wrongdoing and right-doing there is a field. I’ll meet you there’ ”.
Video: Alican Ayanlar and Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif discuss relations with Saudi Arabia, tensions with the US and the nuclear deal: 10.10.19.